Knowledge in Class X

Science vs Commerce

Finished your 10th standard exams?  Not sure if you should go for Science or Commerce? Let’s find out. Choosing your stream could be a pretty difficult choice and all your Permutations and Combinations (which you might’ve thought of) may not work now. Science and Commerce are the most common choices for students at this time. But, only your passion should be the driving force in this crucial decision, be it your marks, or even your parents’ likings, nothing should come in the way between your goal and your passion. There can be various factors which may help you choose the better stream for you. Commerce is basically related to a study of trade/business related activities such as exchange of services from producer to consumer. The perks of being on this side of the spectrum will be that no matter which sector you choose to work in, a sound understanding of Commerce subjects will invariably be required and appreciated. Be it the recession or not, people with commerce will always stay in demand which isn’t really the case with people of engineering background. Science deals with intellectual and practical activity and having an understanding of activities with an observational and experimental approach towards them. If you are from this stream, you’ll always have the benefit of inventing and discovering new stuff for the good of the whole society while no other stream will have such an opportunity. Also, students from the science section, after +2 can get straight into professional lines like engineering or medicine which isn’t the case for commerce guys, as they have to start their professional journey by registering for a Chartered Accountancy foundation course. Having all these points in mind, it should be realized that they should not be compared with each other as both of them have their own unique importance in the real world. Summing it up, I’d say that, the one you love should be your choice as a career. Your future doesn't depend on what you choose between Science and Commerce but on what you love and how much effort you put in it. Always remember Do What You Love, Love What You Do. So, make sure that whatever you do, put all your heart and soul in it and there’ll be no other result than success. Best of Luck!

Hindi Full Syllabus

Complete hand-written notes of Hindi (including Hindi grammar) of Government School of Delhi.

Sanskrit Hand-written Notes

Complete notes of Sanskrit(Hand-written) of Government School of Delhi. Hope you can solve all query related to Sanskrit. #CLASS10 #SANSKRIT

Maths of Class 10th in Hindi

Complete notes of Maths (in hindi) of Class 10th of Delhi Government School. Some Class tests also included. Hope, It will be helpful.

English of Class 10th

Upload the notes of English of Delhi Government School included English Grammar and some class tests.

Complete Science of Class 10th

Upload the government school notes of Science with some class tests. 

SST of Class 10th (in Hindi)

Upload the complete notes of SST of Government School which is handwritten in hindi language.

Format of Letter to editor

Format and other tips to write Letter to editor


Find attached notes of class 10th in the following chapters TRIGNOMETRY AREAS AND VOLUMES STATISTICS

Board Exams: How to Prepare for Class 10

Formulating a Study Plan for 10th Board Exams It isn’t easy to prepare for an exam that is touted as “the biggest exam of your life”. (I wouldn’t lie; it really is!!!) With old lessons sitting heavy in the head, new ones piling up, well-wishers clocking your study hours and finally, the study hours decreasing by the day, the countdown to your first board exams can be a scary affair. But, does it have to be? Not if you have a smart little study plan for 10th board exams in place. Every study guide on the planet will say ‘organize your time’ and ‘make a study timetable’. But how do you do it? So, for all those biting their nails and dreading about the impending danger, check out this study plan for 10th board exams! What an Awesome Study Timetable Looks Like: Please Note: This is just a sample timetable I had created for the month of September 16′. You could modify it as per your preferences (whether you are a night owl or an early riser), add a few more hours of studying and use it for the last few months before the 10th board exams. Preparation Strategy for Class 10th Board Exams Start early. Students tend to ignore their body clock. When they are on preparatory leave, most students study late into the night and end up sleeping in the morning. Start your timetable waaaaaay in advance, so you have enough time to revise everything. You might even need to make a few different timetables. Give a colour code to each subject. It will be easier to navigate your timetable this way and you will be able to see more easily if you have a fair balance between all of your subjects. Also, it looks visually appealing. The cliché: Planning.  Don’t just dive straight into it. Think things through first. Break it down in achievable targets.  Take a separate piece of paper. Then, under each subject, list all of the things that you need to know. This might be all the topic areas for that subject, what you covered each week in class/tuitions or the different sections of the exam. Be specific.  What exactly do you need to do in order to feel confident in all of the areas you listed in step 3? For example, if one of the topic areas is ‘trigonometry,’ list the exact page numbers and exercises that you will do to practice trigonometry. Then think about how excellent it will feel when you reach the end of your timetable and you never have to do trigonometry ever again. Create a schedule for one subject at a time.  This way, you can be sure you’ve covered everything. Make sure that you are realistic with how long each exercise is going to take. Factor in time for BREAKS.  You cannot forget the time spent on food and sleep. Everyone works differently but generally speaking, a 5-10 minute break every hour is a good amount. Give yourself the night off every once in a while as well. Read about why you shouldn’t forget your hobbies during 10th board exams preparations here. Mix it up; don’t make it monotonous. No one likes studying maths for 6 straight hours. Give yourself a mix of subjects each day so that you decrease your chances of losing interest really quickly. Most people are more productive in the morning, so try mixing up the time of day you tackle different subjects as well. Don’t beat yourself up. A study timetable is not set in stone. You might find ways to improve it as you go. Be flexible with what you’ve written and be prepared to move things around if you find that your estimations of the time were a bit off. It’s a good idea to use a pencil… Try and set a specific time to study every day and you’ll find that it makes things so much easier. Look at the classes you have to attend, work out the time that you need to get to them and then set a realistic time every day, so it almost becomes like part of your daily timetable. Remember that the grades you get in the 10th board exams do matter and they determine, to a large extent, your career graph. Put your best foot forward and don’t panic. Take the exams with full confidence and with a positive attitude. There’s no reason for you to flounder. Preparation tips for Subjects of Class 10th Board Exams SCIENCE You need to primarily take care of these following areas – Chemistry, Physics, and Biology. Students who are thinking of taking up the science stream in class XI should strictly focus on all these three areas as this will strengthen their foundations. Keep the complete list of formulae, experiments, and derivations Don’t even think about skipping the science laboratory lectures and classes. Use the science laboratory as much as you can for every single experiment. It is crucial to use NCERT books that can be followed thoroughly to score well in Science. All the question papers revolve around the concepts given in the NCERT book, so keep that in mind. Many science formulas have rules that you strictly need to follow and use them correctly. Let’s say, for using quadratic formula; you need to change the equation to the standard quadratic form. PHYSICS-You need to get a good grip on the basic concepts of the subject. Most of the questions from paper contain direct formulae- and theorem-based questions. Therefore, learn them thoroughly to solve questions correctly. Try solving formulae and theorems from last years’ 10th board exams papers and model papers for various problems. CHEMISTRY-The best part is that this high-scoring subject needs lesser time for preparation. So, you can get the required speed and accuracy by solving different problems you can achieve through in-depth study of the subject and extensive practice. Go through the name reactions thoroughly; create charts of formulae along with names and revise them as and when possible. BIOLOGY-This subject includes a lot of diagrams, so it’s important to give special attention to diagrams and their theory. Ensure that important terms and their respective functions are remembered. Biology has a lot of learning and memorization of difficult terminology. Write such terms down repeatedly so that you get acquainted with them. Get meticulous with the key definitions as the subject is mostly theory. MATHEMATICS Class 10th mathematics is all about basic geometry, trigonometry and the concept of numbers. These subjects build aptitude and concepts that turn out to be beneficial for the students who wish to appear for aptitude-based tests in future. Class 10 Math formulas may seem very general, but many times they are seen in previous years’ question papers and questions are asked from them. It’s crucial to keep the concepts/formulas sheet Go through the usage of all the Math formulas thoroughly. If you are planning to score an A1 in math 10th board exams, then it’s really important to be in synch with your NCERT book. Almost the entire question paper includes concepts and formulas that are given in the NCERT book. Try to read the problem, again and again, to understand the exact idea of the question while solving a problem-based question. On a rough paper, jot down exactly what is given in the question paper and what you need to find. Then, in a methodical way, find what is asked of you. After the revision is done, you can start solving sample papers, unsolved papers and practice papers within the given set of time. SOCIAL STUDIES Social science may sound boring, but one can use study tools to make it fun. Things like flashcards, colourful charts, timelines and funny mnemonics can help you study apart from the textbook and notes reading. In 10th class, social sciences studies are either the beginning or ending. Go through the course once without trying to remember it; just as you would read a newspaper or novel and try to understand it. It is important to prioritize your subjects and topics as per the marks weightage and easy and difficult chapters. You can rely on this list to create a practical study schedule. Make notes for specific points that you feel are important and you are likely to forget, in addition to school notes. Make a chart that includes important dates, go through it regularly and you will find that you can easily remember the dates. Make the study subject-wise instead of combining all topics; remember that they were separated for a reason. Use as many flashcards as possible for definitions and also for various historical events. This technique is a kind of fun and quick revision. You can practice map work by finding out the important locations you want to remember, then locate them on a blank map It’s crucial to understand economics and political science, and it’s better to avoid memorizing. Solve previous year papers/ sample papers and start practicing by writing within the word limits. ENGLISH Unseen passage/note making: This section is quite scoring and needs the least amount of effort comparatively. Writing skills: Stick to formats religiously. Most of the questions on this subject are for 10 marks, divided into 3 marks for the format. Four are for content and three for fluency/accuracy of English. Go through sample letters and also articles from reference books so that you can improve thinking skills and understand presentation skills. Board examiners often give preference to an exhaustive article that has lots of ideas and inputs by the student instead of simple repetitive arguments in fancy language. Grammar: The only trick here is: practice, practice, practice. Learn the basic rules and attempt as many questions as possible and correct yourself after making mistakes. Literature: When it comes to poems, have a notebook handy and jot down everything your teacher explains. Please know that just understanding the chapter is not enough as students would need to write 7-10 mark answers in the exam. Keep this in mind, and make an effort to attempt past years’ papers and questions from other reference material. Every long answer has an introduction, body and conclusion. Your aim needs to be about writing 150-200 words spread across 3-4 paragraphs. HINDI This subject is fairly scoring and one can get 90+ easily. But to do that, you have to study the NCERT textbooks really well as they are very useful. You need to get your hands on a question-bank-cum-guide and practice questions. Solve past years’ papers(Oswal, Arihant or any of the available sources), and cross-check with the solutions provided. In fact, most of the times, questions are just repeated in exams. The points mentioned above are the only 3 simple you need to score 95+ in the paper. Things to Do On the Day of the 10th Board Exams If you will be going to an unknown exam centre, then it is recommended that you visit the center before the exam day and understand the route well. Many times, parents accompany their children to the center on the first day but the kids lose their way if they have to visit on their own and enter the exam hall late. No one wants to lose out on time and miss a section of the paper. It is also important to not get bogged down by the stress and pressure around you. Try and use the last one hour before the exam to relax. Don’t think too much about the exam as that will add to your tension. Follow this trick. Ask your friends to avoid talking to you about the upcoming exam in the last one hour. It’s crucial to relax so that you can concentrate better at the time of the examination. Lastly, believe in yourself and don’t let anyone else tell you that you are incapable of doing something. Your perseverance and determination will help you ace the exams and emerge a winner.


Refer to the attached clips for the following topics in maths class X: Arithemetic  Quadratic Equations


You have to do well in it so that you can choose your favourite stream for further studies. Here are some tips for you to make the right decision. Here’s wishing you all the best for the first big test in your life. So, you are prepping up for your class 10 board exams. Here’s wishing you all the best for the first big test in your life. You have to do well in it so that you can choose your favourite stream for further studies. The subjects you study in class 12 determine your career in future. In order to choose your favourite stream, you have to perform at your best in class 10 board exams. For example, if you are keen to take up science stream, you have to secure good grades in mathematics, physical science and life science. On the other hand, if you are interested in taking up humanities, your scores in language papers, history and geography will matter a lot. In case it is the commerce stream that you want to go for, you have to score well in mathematics. It is worth mentioning that your overall marks will also play a crucial role in getting you the desired stream.  In class 12, your study-programme will include six subjects – three main subjects, two language papers and one additional paper.  Science Stream The subjects included in science stream are as mentioned.  • Physics  • Chemistry • Biology • Mathematics  • Computer Science  • Biotechnology  *If you are interested to compete in the following subject themes, please click here. If you want to study medical sciences in graduation, you have to keep Biology as one of the main subjects. Those who are interested in studying engineering; Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics will be the three main subjects. Both medical science and engineering are competitive fields. Every year, a large number of aspirants apply for getting enrolled in the top engineering and medical colleges. So, how can you grab a seat in a big institution? The answer is simple. It is brilliant scores.  If you wish to take up any of these subjects as your area of specialisation in graduation and post-graduation courses, you have to work hard to achieve high grades in that particular subject in class 12 board exams and also, overall.  Arts/Humanities Stream The subjects included in arts/humanities stream are as mentioned.  • History  • Geography  • Psychology • Political Science  • Sociology • Economics  • Sanskrit  • Philosophy  • Anthropology  With specialisation in humanities, you will come across ample career options. You may choose to become an historian, geologist, psychologist, sociologist or economist depending on your choice of subject at college and University level. With graduation in Philosophy or Sanskrit, you may opt for a teaching job in private or public schools while a master’s degree in the same will help you qualify for the post of Lecturer at colleges and universities.  Journalism is a popular career option amongst students having a good base in English language. With a bachelor’s degree in English followed by a degree in Journalism course, you can land up a news correspondent’s job in print or digital media.  *If you are interested to compete in the following subject themes, please click here. Commerce Stream  The subjects included in commerce stream are as mentioned.  • Accountancy  • Economics  • Business Studies  • Mathematics Majority of commerce students after acquiring a bachelor’s degree in Accountancy, pursue master’s degree in business administration, popularly known as MBA, CA or Chartered Accountancy degree or Chartered Financial Analyst or CFA degree. There are many students who prepare for banking jobs after graduation.