Latches and flip flops
Calculation of shunt multiplier
A shunt is a low-value resistance connected in parallel with a current meter, to enable it to read a higher FSD range of current than the basic meter does alone. A multiplier is a high-value resistance connected in series with a current meter, to enable it to read and be calibrated in terms of voltage
Verilog and HDL
Verilog is a Hardware Description Language; a textual format for describing electronic circuits and systems. Applied to electronic design, Verilog is intended to be used for verification through simulation, for timing analysis, for test analysis (testability analysis and fault grading) and for logic synthesis.
Interfacing with a microcontroller is basically creating codes for your input devices like sensors and connecting them through the pins of your microcontroller so it can understand and process the data to come up with the desired result in your output devices or actuators.